The Romanovs The Final Chapter review ï 109

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The Romanovs The Final Chapter review ï 109 ☆ ➮ The Romanovs The Final Chapter Read ➶ Author Robert K. Massie – In July 1991 nine skeletons were exhumed from a shallow mass grave near Ekaterinburg Siberia a few miles from the infamous cellar room where the last tsar and his family had been murdeIn July nine The Final eBook #184 skeletons were exhumed from a shallow mass grave near Ekaterinburg Siberia a few miles from the infamous cellar room where the last tsar and his family had been murdered seventy three years before But were these the bones of the Romanovs And if these were their remains The Romanovs eBook #210 where were the. “At midnight Yakov Yurovsky the leader of the executioners came up the stairs to awaken the family” Thus begins Robert K Massie’s very interesting and well researched account of the infamous murders of the Romanov family Tsar Nicholas II and his wife Alexandra as well as their son and four daughters in the cellar of a house in Ekaterinburg Russia in the early hours of the 17th July 1918 Using the simplest of ploys Yurovsky had coaxed them from their bedrooms to the cellar from which there was no escape He then proceeded to line them up assuring them that it was for a family photograph and once nicely lined up they were massacred With them were some of their faithful retainers Eugene Botkin Anna Demidova Ivan Kharitonov and Alexei Trupp Eleven people were killed For as long as they thought that they could get away with it the Russian authorities denied that the royal family had been killed Eventually they admitted that Tsar Nicholas was dead but they would not say anything about the rest of the family This is not a book about what came before or why the Romanovs were in the Ipatiev House in Ekaterinburg in the first place It is assumed that the reader knows the history at least partially up to this point The book focuses on the subseuent uestions and problems and how these were resolved or not Eight days after the gruesome event the Whites took Ekaterinburg and arrived at the Ipatiev House Mr Massie describes what they found There were certainly no bodies but a few personal items of the family were still in evidence as well as “Many religious books also remained along with a copy of War and Peace three volumes of Chekhov a biography of Peter the Great a volume of Tales from Shakespeare and Les Fables de la Fontaine” Nicholas Sokolov a professional legal instigator was appointed to investigate “Accordingly Sokolov concluded that on July 18 the day after the execution Yurovsky had destroyed the bodies by chopping them up with axes dousing them repeatedly with gasoline and sulfuric acid and burning them to ash in bonfires near the mine shafts” For many years it was the accepted explanationEventually Sokolov’s findings were uestioned Bodies cannot be burned to ash over an open fire and besides teeth are indestructible Then in May 1979 the burial site was found by Alexander Avdonin and filmmaker Geli Ryabov who also procured a document written by the chief assasin Yakov Yurovsky The finding of the site was not accidental and the author describes how they went about locating it However fear kept them from announcing their find until several years later Once Boris Yeltsin came to power permission was sought and granted to excavate the burial site where nine instead of eleven skeletons were found The finding of these skeletons caused uestions than answers Were they the murdered Romanovs Who was missing and why The bodies had been badly smashed to obliterate indications of who they were and all clothing and jewellery “Eighteen pounds of diamonds were collected mostly from the corsets worn by three of the grand duchesses The empress was found to be wearing a belt of pearls made up of several necklaces sewed into linen” had been removed by those who had disposed of the bodies DNA tests were not an option for the Russians at the time and forensic anthropologist Sergei Abramov developed methods to ascertain whether or not the bones belonged to the Romanovs whilst a mathematician calculated probabilities Before long an American forensic anthropologist William Maples became involved Whilst everyone was in agreement that the skeleton of the young tsarevich Alexis was missing Abramov felt certain that the other missing skeleton belonged to Marie whereas Maples believed that it belonged to the youngest daughter Anastasia This was not the only time that scientists would disagree about their findingsEnter Dr Peter Gill the head of Biological Services Research of the Forensic Science Service in England who performed DNA profiling at the reuest of the Russians He obtained a blood sample from Prince Philip himself which helped Dr Gill prove the identity of Alexandra and her daughters Mr Massie provides a run down of the basics of DNA profilingAll the goings on had not only captured the interest of the public but also of a whole variety of imposters There are hilarious accounts of some of the fabricated stories One man who received a death sentence for theft suddenly remembered that he was the tsarevich Alexis Another was a successful spy who once he became a United States citizen proclaimed that he was the tsarevich A big problem for those pretending to be Alexis Alexis had suffered from haemophiliaThen there were the women the most notorious of whom was Anna Anderson who declared herself to be the Grand Duchess Anastasia There was even a play and a film Anna Anderson certainly captured the imagination of many “Thereafter the public seeing pictures of Anna Anderson complained that she did not look like Ingrid Bergman” Many believed her even the famous pianistcomposer Sergei Rachmaninov arranged accommodation for her in a comfortable hotel Was she who she claimed to be or not Litigation ensued After Anna’s death there was litigation and DNA tests were performed on some of her body tissue samples found in a hospital Finally a verdict was announced Then came the conspiracy theoriesThere were other scientists involved in the saga and there had also been a conference in Ekaterinburg in which various papers were delivered and discussed Mr Massie details the interactions between the several scientists and he also delves into the various court cases which resulted from Anderson’s claim that she was Anastasia There is a discussion of who is left of the other branches of the Romanov family and what their views and their pretensions to a non existent throne are Mr Massie closes with a chapter in which he details how the Romanov family spent the seventy eight days that they lived at the Ipatiev House prior to being summoned to the cellar There is a layout of the house and at the back of the book there are photos of several of the people mentioned in the book The Ipatiev House was destroyed in 1977The Romanov Family circa 19131914 Wikipedia

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Bones of the two younger Romanovs supposedly murdered with the rest of the family Was Anna Anderson celebrated for than sixty years in newspapers books and film really Grand Duchess Anastasia The Romanovs provides the answers describing in suspenseful detail the dramatic efforts to discover the truth Pulitzer Prize Romanovs The Final PDFEP. I read The Romanovs as part of my WW1 project I will say that I am normally a huge fan of Robert K Massie’s books having read the extraordinary biographies ‘Peter the Great’ and ‘Nicholas and Alexandra’In this book Massie some twenty years after Nicholas and Alexandra was written seeks to revise the last chapter of NA as new information came to light as part of Glasnost Massie corrects the record on how the Romanovs were killed and how their bodies were disposed of in that summer of 1918 some fifteen months after they were first imprisoned The book goes on further to discuss the endless Soviet investigations and refutes all the conspiracy theories around the executions and discredits all the imposters of the 20th century who claim they were a surviving RomanovThis book reads a little like Bugliosi’s ‘Assassination of President John F Kennedy’ The writing is excellent but in both books the assassination conspiracies are disproven and you come away knowing just a little about what happened but not enough to alter your perception of historyI felt the discussion around Lenin’s involvement in the assassination was interesting as well as the early section of the book which highlighted the search for the impromptu burial site near Yekaterinburg Siberia The family and a few loyal servants were executed in the basement of the Ipatiev House and uickly transported to a predetermined pit in the forest but the transport truck got bogged down in the mud making a mockery of the local Bolsheviks plan to properly dispose of the bodies It was partly a rush job because the Czech brigade and the Whites were uickly approaching the town As the opponents to the Bolsheviks during the Russian Civil War the Whites were expected to liberate the Royal Family and did in fact arrive at the house just a few days after the executions 35 Stars Probably 4 stars for those who do not already have an understanding of the Romanov’s final days

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The Romanovs The Final ChapterUB #233 winner Robert K Massie presents a colorful panorama of contemporary characters illuminating the major scientific dispute between Russian experts and a team of Americans whose findings along with those of DNA scientists from Russia America and Great Britain all contributed to solving one of the great mysteries of the twentieth centur. I found myself disappointed in this book; I probably would've been better off to have read Nicholas Alexandra first I appreciated the amount of time put into the detail of the forensic research What I didn't like was the amount of time given to the imposters particularly after it was revealed that they couldn't be who they said they were