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Free download ✓ The Tower 104 ´ [Download] ➽ The Tower ➺ W.B. Yeats – The Tower was W B Yeats's first major collection of poetry as Nobel Laureate after the receiving the Nobel Prize in 1923 It is considered to be one of his most influential collections The title refers The Tower was W B Yeats's first majAllylee Castle a Norman tower that Yeats purchased in and later restored The Tower includes some of his greatest and most innovative poems including 'Sailing to Byzantium' a lyrical meditation on man's disi. In my review of Seamus Heaney's Death of a Naturalist I casually referred to Yeatsian idealism to contrast the earlier poet's elite modernism with Heaney's later and modest poetic of the turf and bog Facility with such phrases as Yeatsian idealism is the fruit of a general education but as poetry is in the particulars it is good for us generally educated to re consult or sometimes frankly consult for the first time the primary sources to ensure that we actually know what we're talking about To that end I decided to go beyond the freuently anthologized or selected and read an original volume by Yeats; charmed by its green and gold mirrored deco design by Thomas Sturge Moore I chose the relatively late The Tower of 1928 As the received story of Yeats's career goes he began as an Aesthete and a nationalist conjuring the Celtic Twilight in languorous post Wildean lyricism; but events both public and private the Irish war for independence and the subseuent civil war World War I his own tumultuous love affair with Maud Gonne and his ongoing experiences with the occult toughened his poetry into grave and austere meditations on history violence and the conflict between flesh and spirit As John Carey wrote in Pure Pleasure his lines seem to have been graven on tablets of stone from the beginning of time The Tower—a collection organized around Yeats's residence at Thoor Ballyllee a Norman tower he bought in 1917—belongs to this later period of stern reflectionHow does my idealism thesis fare I had in mind poems precisely like the collection's opener Sailing to Byzantium in which the speaker lamenting that his randy compatriots both human and animal are caught in that sensual music and so neglect monuments of unageing intellect expresses his wish to cease to be human with his heart fastened to a dying animal and to be reincarnated in such a form as Grecian goldsmiths make; he wants to become a mechanical bird upon a golden bough singing Of what is past or passing or to come So far so idealist But the poem in its praise for the artifice of eternity undoes all its certainties For one thing the speaker is clear about the contingent circumstance namely old age that inspires his desire to exit the humanAn aged man is but a paltry thing A tattered coat upon a stick unless Soul clap its hands and sing and louder sing For every tatter in its mortal dressThen there is the mild comedy of his fantasy of being an avian robot in the next life as if the tradition of visionary poetry had become so attenuated that Keats's nightingale and his urn have melded into one grotesue object Finally the speaker's fancied triumph is ambiguous as in his golden and artificial form he will be singing To keep a drowsy Emperor awake which is to say that he will still be mired in that sensual music however out of nature his own person Yeats's greatness inheres less in his idealism as such but in his awareness of all that both inspires and menaces it Who doesn't from time to time want to escape their dying generations and yet who canThe title poem about Yeats's inhabitation of his tower in old age and about his dead and living neighbors and his own past work makes the point still sharply that the soul must coexist with its incarnation as the poet's avowed credo And I declare my faithI mock Plotinus’ thoughtAnd cry in Plato’s teethDeath and life were notTill man made up the wholeMade lock stock and barrelOut of his bitter soul Aye sun and moon and star all And further add to thatThat being dead we rise Dream and so createTranslunar ParadiseI have prepared my peaceWith learned Italian thingsAnd the proud stones of GreecePoet’s imaginingsAnd memories of loveMemories of the words of womenAll those things whereofMan makes a superhumanMirror resembling dreamIn other words our visions and imaginings our utopias and godheads arise from our experiences our frailties and our awful mortality itself—every image of the superhuman is a mirror of the human Or as he puts it in Two Songs from a Play a perfectly bizarre poem posing as an extract from a Euripidean drama about Jesus Whatever flames upon the night Man's own resinous heart has fedIn Among School Children the poet while a senator a sixty year old smiling public man tours a school and envisions his former beloved as a girl; this inspires a reflection on their two souls' Platonic sympathy and on how time and age ravage the child shades of Wordsworth and make mockery of all idealisms The poet insults the thought of Plato Aristotle and Pythagoras in turn as like himself Old clothes upon old sticks to scare a bird But the poem's bitterness modulates into an image of earthly recompense After observing that nuns and mothers worship images—which is to say that devotions to real and to ideal things come to same grief because idea will always outstrip reality—the speaker then rebukes the divinities with a vision of secular redemption wherein visible nature and humanity unite with the unseen spirit to produce an indivisible wholeness that cannot be divided into body and soul real and ideal Labour is blossoming or dancing where The body is not bruised to pleasure soul Nor beauty born out of its own despair Nor blear eyed wisdom out of midnight oil O chestnut tree great rooted blossomer Are you the leaf the blossom or the bole O body swayed to music O brightening glance How can we know the dancer from the dance The Ruskinian or even Marxian appeal to unalienated labor in the above stanza's first lines brings us to Yeats's politics Though Mediations in Time of Civil War finds the poet expressing envy in his thought for the soldiers who pass by his door the poem is largely a lament for his country's war torn state We had fed the heart on fantasies The heart's grown brutal from the fare a condemnation of the politics of resentment that lead to civil violence exemplified by the cry Vengeance for Jacues Molay which Yeats seems to take as a battlecry of the enraged masses due to its connection to Freemasonry and an insistence reminiscent of Walter Benjamin's axiom on civilization and barbarism that our beautiful possessions were born of violence and reared by labor and that we must take our greatness with our bitterness The famous sonnet Leda and the Swan about the rape of Leda by Zeus and the conseuent engendering not only of Helen of Troy but of the whole Trojan War voices the same lament that there can be no peace or beauty without war and violence even as it suggests that the rapt victim of inhuman forces may thereby gain inhuman power Being so caught upSo mastered by the brute blood of the airDid she put on his knowledge with his powerBefore the indifferent beak could let her drop While Yeats is one of the masculinist poets it should be noted that in one of the sonnet's several implied allegories the inspired poet is the violated female figure rather than the male violatorFinally there is the devastating Nineteenth Hundred and Nineteen a poem that has both the Irish war for independence and the Great War for its context Here the poet scorns all our enlightened and progressive complacency none of which has made the world a humane place The night can sweat with terror as beforeWe pieced our thoughts into philosophyAnd planned to bring the world under a ruleWho are but weasels fighting in a hole The poet's soul figured as a swan in this circumstance leaps into the desolate heaven and the poem ends in disgust with Salome and Alice Kyteler with witchcraft and sensuality in a whirwind and wasteland of death It is easy enough to say with Orwell that Yeats was a reactionary and a fascist Edward Said who did so much to redeem Yeats for the PC era by praising him in Culture and Imperialism as an anti colonial poet meditating on Fanonian themes in another mood I might enter this into evidence for the fascist tendencies of identity politics once wrote of Swift's Tory Anarchy The label might be applied to Yeats who admired Swift to his Tory elegy for a shattered culture of wholeness and authority to his anarchic drive toward the shaping of a soul out of the chaos of experience This conflict at the heart of his poetry is not reducible to idealism obviously though idealism is a necessary part of it and it is not reducible to a single politics And if the poet meant his wisdom only for the few the books are widely available now and their thought and feeling perhaps widely shared that he suspected As for this collection ua collection its less famous pieces are justly less famous though the long penultimate poem a blank verse narrative set at the court of Haroun Al Rashid will interest autobiographical critics and those interested in the occult as it seems to dramatize in a displaced historical fantasy Yeats's marriage to a medium Feminist critics will not care for the speaker's fear that his wife may become than a vessel for spirits may become an articulate intelligence who will challenge the seeming innocen

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The Tower was W B Yeats's first major collection of poetry as Nobel Laureate after the receiving the Nobel Prize in It is considered to be one of his most influential collections The title refers to Thoor B. This is great poetry great writing; even an imbecile like me can feel that But I have to admit that it is beyond my ability to truly understand the meaning the essence of what the poet was saying and not just with this work but any poetry So I just read enjoy it or not and apply it to my life my thoughts my sensitivities or notThis volume is considered by scholars and critics to be some of Yeats best work and he wrote this 5 years AFTER he received the Nobel Prize in Literature No fading violet here; no resting on your laurels for Mr Yeats

W.B. Yeats ✓ 4 Summary

The TowerLlusionment with the physical world 'Leda and the Swan' a violent and graphic take on the Greek myth of Leda and Zeus and 'Among School Children' a poetic contemplation of life love and the creative process. Is he the greatest English language poet of the 20th century Maybe The rankings don't matter The beautiful music of these poems matters