Maoism A Global History Free read ¾ E-book or Kindle E-pub

Read Ì E-book, or Kindle E-pub Ç Julia Lovell

Read Ì E-book, or Kindle E-pub Ç Julia Lovell Er and appeal of Maoism has always extended beyond China Across the globe Maoism was a crucial motor of the Cold War it shaped the course of the Vietnam War and the international youth rebellion it triggered and brought to power the murderous Khmer Rouge in Cambodia it aided and sometimes handed victory to anti colonial resistance movements in Africa it inspired terrorism in Germany and Italy and wars and insurgencies in Peru India and Nepal some of which are still with us today – than forty years after the death of MaoIn this n. Somehow Maoism is the creed of winners and insiders of losers and outsiders of leaders and underdogs of absolute rulers vast disciplined bureaucracies and oppressed massesIt is remarkable how one man can change the course of history inspiring millions and sparking revolutions across the globe That man was Edgar Snow whose 1937 book Red Star over China raised Mao Zedong from an obscure Communist leader the most junior member of the Chinese politburo to international prominence as the ideological guru for the downtrodden disaffected and marginalized Mao had been looking for someone to raise his profile and Snow was carefully groomed for the job feted and given full access to the leader and his entourage In exchange he gave up editorial freedom allowing Mao’s people to review and approve everything he wrote ensuring that the soon to be great leader was portrayed as a military genius and a kindly compassionate champion of justice freedom and peace In the 1930s as democracies everywhere faltered under the pressure of dictatorships and conventional politicians seemed craven and uneual to the dangers ahead Mao looked like the savior the world was desperately seeing Snow’s book was translated into dozens of languages and became a key part of the indoctrination of new members in communist movements worldwideMao was indeed a brilliant general whose guerrilla tactics were widely adopted by insurgent movements He was also ruthless and cruel murderously purging anyone who might become a rival and anyone who dared to criticize him or the party His movement spent much of World War II keeping out of the way of the Japanese occasionally even collaborating with them growing opium to fund their operations and waiting for the war to end When that came the only surprise was that it took until 1949 to kick Chiang Kai Shek’s nationalists out of the country The nationalist movement was so riddled with corruption and incompetence it did not take much of a push for it to collapseThis book takes a global look at Maoism as it manifested itself in various revolutionary movements such as in Indonesia Peru and India before circling back to China today It also looks at how it influenced Western radical movements in the 1960s sometimes to humorous effect as the pampered sons and daughters of conformist societies leveraged their opposition to the war in Vietnam to adopt a communist ideology they did not understand to further a future that would not have ended they way they expectedIn Communist theory history is just another branch of politics and historical facts are whatever suits the current party line Modern China wishes to present itself to the world as the leader of the oppressed nations and peoples “Mao’s successor Deng Xiaoping told the world that China would ‘never seek hegemony’ and almost every foreign policy PR campaign since then has been devoted to arguing China’s status as victim not activist or aggressor in international politics” Even though China was deeply involved in efforts to spread communism around the world from the 1950s through the 70s providing arms and foreign aid engaging in subversive efforts to bolster or destabilize governments and applying pressure to affect political outcomes that past is inconvenient now that China wishes to be seen as innocent of foreign machinations and neutral in the affairs of other countries and it has vanished from history books and is vehemently denied by official mediaSimilar efforts are underway to re write China’s internal history Mao was responsible for some of the bloodiest most catastrophic political decisions of the 20th century but you would never know that from seeing how China represents its history today “The 1959–61 famine that killed tens of millions was described euphemistically as causing ‘serious losses’ while the Cultural Revolution was excused away as merely an error of judgment by a ‘great proletarian revolutionary’” In addition “neo Maoists also repudiated any ambivalence about Mao’s historical record as revisionist conspiracy theories They defended the 1957 Anti Rightist Campaign as ‘far humane than Stalin’s purges’ and furiously refuted any suggestion that tens of millions died as a result of human error in the Great Leap Forward The persecution of ‘class enemies’ during the Cultural Revolution was ‘completely necessary’”The chapters on the influence of Maoism in other countries are particularly interesting Malaysia was a tragedy; a primarily nationalist uprising was recast by the British authorities as Communist in order to get the support of the United States and since the small indigenous Communist parties had no military wing they would have been forced to work out a solution with their rivals so a peaceful outcome was possible They overplayed their hand however resulting in a horrific purge with over a million deaths all carried out with the enthusiastic support of western governmentsChina’s historic rivalry with Vietnam resulted in their backing Cambodia’s Khmer Rouge including large shipments of arms which the Chinese government now denies ever took place By supporting the genocidal regime of Pol Pot whose strategy of emptying the cities to create rural communist societies had echos of Mao’s own philosophy China bears some responsibility for the genocidal catastrophe that followedThe situation in Peru with the Shining Path is likewise a fascinating story though painful to watch unfold in its horrific violence Abimael Guzmán was a brilliant philosophy student who saw Maoist revolution as a way to transform his country achieve euality and purge corruption His devotion to the cause was absolute and uncompromising so long as it was other people’s blood that was getting shed “The objective was to destroy any alternatives to the party thus they killed mayors and champions of slum welfare; they demolished rural development projects; they beheaded rival left wing organisations’” He was however not planning on becoming a martyr himself “In 1986 Guzmán had instructed Shining Path prisoners to sacrifice themselves in order to force the state into a brutal response that would win sympathy and recruits Now with his own safety at stake he dissolved the entire movement”In India communism was pushed into the trackless forests where they took up the cause of the oppressed indigenous peoples However once this region came to be valued as a source for minerals corporations arrived with their private armies of thugs to extort murder and expropriate the land The Indian Maoists seem to have accommodated themselves to the new reality and now offer protection services to these companies for a feeMaoism also had a complicated and unexpected influence on the countries of the west When the Soviet Union switched from a doctrine of world revolution to one of co existence in order to lessen the risk of global nuclear annihilation Mao opportunistically took on the mantle of continuous revolution The Soviet Union came to be seen as boring and accommodationist while China was a dynamic revolutionary movement “Across Western Europe and the US Cultural Revolution Maoism stood not just for earnest anti imperialism but also for youthful rebellion In each of the countries in which Mao fever took hold youthful protest movements had personal and local as well as international reasons for revolt”Eventually the Maoist tide in the west started to recede partly because by the 70s people were tired of endless protests and partly because information started to reach the West about the scale of death and misery that Mao’s reckless programs had caused The results of Western experimentation with Maoism were mixed Over the long term enthusiasm for the Cultural Revolution splintered the radical left and assisted neo conservatives in consolidating power from the 1980s One outcome of the instability of the late 1960s in the US and parts of Europe was the gradual shifting of consensus in favour of order and established power on the right – paving the road to Ronald Reagan and Margaret Thatcher – a trend that has not significantly reversed itself sinceThere were however some positive developments which helped society move beyond its previously rigid hierarchical boundaries “Mao style criticismself criticism later blurred into the confessional habits of therapy and self help The Cultural Revolution–inspired dissent of the 1960s and ’70s contributed to reforms of secondary and higher education to make teaching methods and curricula participatory representative accountable to diverse communities”In China today with a younger generation that does not have direct memories of Mao’s catastrophes his reputation has been burnished and he is seen as a George Washington figure the wise bold leader of the new nation Politicians as always have been uick to take advantage of this “Xi Jinping has calculated correctly it seems – like Bo Xilai – that there is now enough temporal distance between the present and the memories of bad times under Mao for it to be safe to deploy the helmsman’s fuzzy father of the nation symbolism Xi’s big project is the ‘Chinese Dream’ – in English you might call it ‘Make China Great Again’ the restoration of China to its old pre nineteenth century gloryMaoism was enormously influential dramatically changing China and affecting millions of lives outside it It inspired revolutionaries terrified governments and seemed for a time like an unstoppable force of history It was a complicated often contradictory movement with no regard for the bloodshed it left in its wake It would be hard to make sense of the world today without understanding its influence which makes this book useful for anyone interested in modern history

Read Maoism A Global History

Maoism A Global History Free read ¾ E-book, or Kindle E-pub ↠ [PDF / Epub] ❤ Maoism A Global History ✅ Julia Lovell – Since the heyday of Mao Zedong there has never been a crucial time to understand MaosimAlthough to Western eyes it seems that China has long abandoned the utopian Ew history acclaimed historian Julia Lovell re evaluates Maoism analysing both China’s engagement with the movement and its legacy on a global canvas It’s a story that takes us from the tea plantations of north India to the sierras of the Andes from Paris’s th Arrondissement to the fields of Tanzania from the rice paddies of Cambodia to the terraces of BrixtonStarting from the movement’s birth in northwest China in the s and unfolding right up to its present day violent rebirth this is the definitive history of global Maoi. Hitler Stalin and Mao were at one time popular yet all with dedication caused the deaths of millions of their own people Even today each has admirers in Germany Russia and China where you would think they would be despised As generations have arrived that did not know the horrors of the times of their elders thoughts of national greatness can eclipse the monumentally disastrous events gone byTo try to understand the popularity of Maoism or Maoist Thought as the author says the Chinese prefer this is an invaluable book Rising to power at a time when colonialism was on the way out and peoples around the globe were looking for freedom from it Mao was an inspiration He said things in simple language that the downtrodden longed to hear and he offered for proof of his words his success in defeating the forces of Chiang Kai Shek who was driven to retreat to Taiwan despite the aid of the US a supporter of capitalist and colonial overlords worldwide The US notoriously upheld the French re colonization of Vietnam in which even the hated and defeated Japanese troops of WW2 were employed to helpSimply put all eyes were on China a prostrate country of millions upon millions of people now freed both of monarchy and warlordism and attempting to start from scratch with a system that promised power to the people To boost the cause as Mao fought Chiang with inferior forces he made very good use of a Western journalist Edgar Snow who visited Mao in his stronghold and wrote a fawning book Red Star Over China that galvanized admiration for Mao worldwideAnd this desire to follow the Chinese example was strongly supported by Mao's efforts to supply and support revolutionary movements around the world even to the extent of impoverishing the Chinese people in favor of foreign aid Though the American idea of falling dominoes in southeast Asia was overblown China was indeed out to establish a dominant position as the beacon and leader of communismJulia Lovell moves seuentially through the world outside China detailing local histories and personalities that took up the Maoist banner and without exception placed ideology over people Change had to come and if innumerable individuals had to suffer or perish the price was well worth payingThis reader was eager to discover the details of what happened in Indonesia Vietnam and Cambodia Africa and Peru I have visited Lima and seen the now abandoned machine gun emplacements around the military facilities that were built to hold off the followers of the Shining Path movement by a government that was on the back foot and dealing as much terror as it opposed until the leader of the movement Abimael Guzman was captured This book is a necessary and very readable guide into the complicated chaos of the mid 20th century which convulsed China and the so called third world and from which the United States was far removed yet intimately involved as a supporter of the status uo no matter how heavy handed cruel and unjust to people The leftist movement in the US in the 1960's is not overlookedEven today in China Xi Jinping as leader is promoting Mao veneration while going full speed for the capitalist development that Mao despised Time has a way of whitewashing horror It is wise that Jews say never again about the holocaust yet in Israel current practice regarding the native Palestinians betrays that thought Any and all can fall into a glorification of power and forget the many now anonymous people who cannot speak from the grave This is why learning about the horrors of the past in which this book is a valuable source should not be shunned

Julia Lovell Ç 9 Free download

Maoism A Global HistorySince the heyday of Mao Zedong there has never been a crucial time to understand MaosimAlthough to Western eyes it seems that China has long abandoned the utopian turmoil of Maoism in favour of authoritarian capitalism Maoism A PDF Mao and his ideas remain central to the People’ Republic and the legitimacy of its communist government As disagreements and conflicts between China and the West are likely to mount the need to understand the political legacy of Mao will only become urgentYet during Mao’s lifetime and beyond the pow. After a lengthy and challenging introduction Julia Lovell analyzes Edgar Snow's 1937 'Red Star Over China' and its effects on the international spread of Maoism Her appraisal of the book's propaganda power is tempered by a critiue of its romanticization A history of Mao's thought during the developmental years of the Chinese Communist Party is given and then a worldwide tour of Maoist movements Some examples covered are Ho Chi Minh's Vietnam the Kmer Rouge of Cambodia and the Shining Path in Peru Maoism appealed to rural populations in contrast to the Marxist focus on industrialized nations Its influence continues today with Maoist groups in India and NepalFollowing the 30's and 40's cold war propaganda shaped western views of the red threat Brain washing fears were a yellow peril to the post war generation and the Korean war introduced the domino theory It was applied to the Indochina and Indonesia conflicts anti colonial rebellions than communist revolutions In the 50's CIA experiments with LSD and thought control accompanied by McCarthyism created an atmosphere of paranoia During the 60's and 70's when less was known about conditions inside of China Maoism became a popular cultural export to left wing elites and third world countries Lovell shows how Mao was able to effectively further his goalsAn important point demonstrated in this book was Mao's commitment to world revolution Many rebels were schooled and funded directly by Beijing Mao's agrarian based anti western rhetoric had greater influence in Africa and Latin America than is typically recognized or written about by western historians In the post colonial world after WWII these areas were suspicious of US and Soviet intentions Maoism wasn't a fixed system like Marxism and Leninism It was flexible enough to be adapted by other cultures and regions but not a unified movement that would result in central control by Beijing Unlike the Soviet empire it instead sought to exert power by money and ideologyIs this book a fair assessment of Maoism What were the aims of Mao his philosophy and adherents Lovell supports US and British analyses of the time but criticizes policies that resulted Mao was actively promoting international revolutions Engagement in Maoist conflicts primarily in China Korea Vietnam and Cambodia left over 20 million people dead Infamous for his pronouncements of people's expendability Mao remains an enigma unresolved 'It is your right to rebel' 'Power comes from the end of a gun' 'Revolution is not a dinner party' These maxims don't sit well with the powers that be either in the west or the east Class struggle is bad the US and PRC now likely agreeBritish author Julia Lovell introduces this work as a sort of unknown history In the west the global spread of Mao's ideas are only dimly sensed Why does this book not exist Yet the work covers mostly well known international events from recent times Wars were fought in Korea and Vietnam to contain Chinese communism She writes that the record counters the party line of 'China's peaceful rise' If you ignore these truisms they don't detract from the book Lovell writes from a centrist political position The many 20th century horrors aren't dwelled upon except as needed to describe the events Although not complete as survey of worldwide Maoist movements it may be enough for most