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Read å Truce AUTHOR Jim Murphy ß PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook è [Download] ➺ Truce By Jim Murphy – Two time Newbery Honor Book author Jim Murphy writes a stunning nonfiction masterpiece about a Christmas miracle on the Western Front during World War IOn July 29th 1914 the world's peace wAvoided This was of course the First World War But who could have guessed that on December the troops would openly defy their commanding officers by stopping the fighting and having a spontaneous celebration of Christmas with their enemie. Truce by Jim Murphy is a non fiction book that was published in 2009 This book is about World War I and how the truce actually started It is a short book and not very interesting until the end of the book when the truce actually started The soldiers from Germany and United Kingdom are the main characters in the book The main conflict of the book is the war because the truce would have never happened if the war never happened The main plot line is when the truce started as it was going on and when the soldiers were wanting the war to end In the book Truce The soldiers were singing to each other from opposite sides of the trench on Christmas The soldiers wanted the war to end The setting of the book is in Ypres Belgium in 1914 I recommend this to fifth through eighth grade because there are a lot of pictures and is easy to read

Jim Murphy ¿ 4 Free read

Ire began shelling the troops of the country to its south What followed was like a row of falling dominoes as one European country after another rushed into war Soon most of Europe was fighting in this calamitous war that could have been. Truce isn't primarily a book about World War I As is often the case in Jim Murphy's books Truce explains the essential facts that led to the war but then zeroes in on one unusual section of the war that was strikingly memorable and makes it the focus of the book In this case the unusual occurrence is the almost unexplainably widespread truce between the British and German soldiers which took place in the battle zone of the Western Front on Christmas Eve and Day of 1914 I knew a fair amount about World War I before reading this book but reacuainting myself with the facts of how it started euipped me with a lot of new information To think that a war ending with the worldwide deaths of eight million soldiers and twenty one million suffering ghastly wounds was based on a lack of information on the part of Austro Hungarian leader Franz Josef is nearly beyond comprehension Is it possible that The War to End All Wars could have even been prevented were it not for the hasty decision of Franz Josef to attack Serbia or would war have eventually broken out between the two contentious nations at some point anyway on some prefix or another It's hard to say for sure but the possibilities are worth a bit of ponderance As the metaphoric dominoes fell and nation upon nation found itself pulled into the heart of war the encroaching German troops and defending British found themselves facing each other in a sort of Mexican standoff at the Western Front each firmly entrenched in the ditches dug for their side with the expansive No Man's Land plain spread before them to prevent a successful overtake by one side or the other In their home countries both British and German had been whipped into a frenzy of disgust for the other by the propaganda machines of their respective governments hardly regarding the opponent any as better than subhuman It was on this chess board of battle that the sides settled in to wait and wait and wait for the chance to launch an attack to defeat the hated opposition It appears that one reason for so many deaths in World War I can be attributed to the transitional period that fighting strategies were experiencing Modern artillery was becoming a mainstay of every nation's army with tanks machine guns grenades and other high power weapons staking claim to the vanguard yet combat styles had not sufficiently changed to address the horrifying dangers of such devastating weaponry In many cases war strategy was leading soldiers right into the heart of combat zones that were sure to completely overwhelm them against firepower that was certain to rip them to pieces How must it feel to dash across an open field directly into the teeth of machine gun fire knowing that you don't really stand a chance of survival but also knowing that one's commanding officer must be obeyed I can't imagine something like that It turns out that such antiuated fighting methods cost both the British and German forces shockingly high numbers of casualties as they faced each other down on the Western Front The problem was that neither side was comfortable with the stalemate they were facing and the commanders repeatedly ordered massive numbers of their soldiers to conduct raids on the opponent running madly across No Man's Land despite the fact that such maneuvers could never work when faced with the kind of heavy artillery possessed by both sides and ordering those mad dashes was only going to get soldiers killed This was a new type of war though one that commanders were not used to and the price of their experience was paid in the blood of their men Despite the fact that the German and British governments had created so fierce of propaganda against the opposing side that the armies regarded each other as something less than human as the two militias warily sat for so long watching each other from their trenches a remarkable thing happened At night through the whelming uiet of No Man's land sliced the sounds of conversation and even laughter between soldiers on the other side There may have been differences in language but it was easy for the soldiers to see that the people in ditches on the other side were having the same kinds of discussions that they were having with people in their own trenches The soldiers they were fighting didn't seem like the monsters they had been told they were; they were just like realpeople As time continued to crawl along the British and German armies began to occasionally call out to each other sometimes even tossing a package of new food over to the other side Relations between the divided soldiers began to warm and the hatred to dissipate until the unforgettable night of Christmas Eve when simultaneously all along the Western Front divide German and British came together in No Man's Land for a uiet temporary truce to observe Christmas as friends Amazingly as the enemy came into view of each other shaking hands and even exchanging gifts the cacophony of shots being fired that had been the audio backdrop for so long receded into the night and British and German became friends on the bloody field of battle The truce lasted all through Christmas Day and was spread across almost the entire Western Front all of which really is amazing when one considers that the commanding officers on both sides were dead set against the truces and in many cases even ordered their men not to take part in them at the risk of court martial It seems that one reason the troops on both sides were so agreeable to a Christmas truce even to the point of openly defying their commanding officers is that the men were just totally sick of fighting They didn't want to watch their comrades losing their lives in No Man's Land any dying in ill advised raids that were destined for failure Since they had come to see the opposition as real amiable human beings they no longer wanted to be killing them either In this one place at least at this one time soldiers just decided that they had experienced enough death and destruction They didn't want to fight any In fact along many places on the Western Front the truce lasted longer than just Christmas day One British officer later said that the soldiers in his area and the Germans across the way didn't relinuish the last vestiges of the truce until Spring thaw had begun Whatever kind of miracle it was that led to the widespread Christmas truce it was clear that this miracle changed people and at least that it had briefly given them a respite from the monstrously rising death tolls that were such a constant part of World War I So what was the major lesson to be learned in all of this I don't know if there necessarily was one but it's heartening to think that people who had been trained to despise each other and who had seen that reason for hate bolstered by the sight of their friends being gunned down by the enemy could still have minds open enough to perceive the humanity in the opposing forces and could in the interest of all present lay aside the rules of engagement in war and take a day to show respect for each other regardless of nationality and to learn that neither side really wanted at all to be doing battle in these trenches When it came down to it virtually every soldier on either side would have much rather been at home with their families living peacefully together without the imminent specter of death hanging over their heads like the scythe of the grim reaper In short they all just wanted to go home and the miraculous truce on Christmas of 1914 allowed them at least a short break from the horrors of war The entry of the United States into World War I along with their three million fresh soldiers to aid the Allies was a huge decisive factor in turning the tide of success toward the Allies By 1918 the war was over but it would never be forgotten by the families of the nearly thirty million soldiers estimated to have been killed or injured worldwide Here was a war that many historians say never should have been fought at all and the death tolls had reached such astronomical numbers that the world would be forever changed All over Europe fields of rich crops had been blown to bits and replaced by solemn little white crosses to commemorate the fallen Winners and losers of the war were all affected beyond what anyone could have imagined when the first shot was fired between Austria Hungary and Serbia As always Jim Murphy has written a book featuring some unusually poetic language for a non fiction tome and has unerringly researched and explained a small corner of world history that should have a lasting impact on his readers I would give two and a half stars to Truce

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Truce AUTHOR Jim MurpTwo time Newbery Honor Book author Jim Murphy writes a stunning nonfiction masterpiece about a Christmas miracle on the Western Front during World War IOn July th the world's peace was shattered as the artillery of the Austria Hungary Emp. If your history classes in school were anything like mine then this is how a typical year would go Lots of Revolutionary War lots of Civil War oh no it's almost the end of the year so let's just skip to WWII and finally a brief smattering of Vietnam WWI got the short end of the stick year after year after year when I was growing up In fact by the time I graduated from high school I associated only a couple vague images with it mustard gas red poppies and All uiet On The Western Front Now mine was a particularly silly education but I worry about kids today Surely I'm not the only person who went through this So what do you hand a ten year old who wants a really good book on WWI and also wants it to explain how it happened There are full fledged adults operating in the world right now that haven't a clue about who or what Franz Ferdinand was aside from a contemporary band I guess what I love so much about Jim Murphy's Truce is that it not only talks about the famous and spontaneous truce between two opposing sides that happened around Christmas Day in 1914 but the author also takes the time to put the whole war into context without wasting so much as a word This can only be described as senselessness synthesizedIt was considered a bit of a Christmas miracle at the time A sprawling war two sides taught to hate one another and then peace Apropos of nothing troops put down their weapons and met in No Man's Land to exchange gifts sing songs and play games But how did it happen To understand that is to understand WWI within context Its causes key players and ultimately how it ended Jim Murphy historian extraordinaire breaks it down for the kids and delivers a painful but ultimately strangely hopeful encapsulation of a moment in time that was admirable in its unlikelihood A Time Line Notes and Sources additional bibliography and index are includedIf WWII is the good war then WWI's the one we like to try to surreptitiously slip behind our backs It doesn't have any of the iconography of its successor nor the sheer black and white of the good and evil of the time Maybe that's why there aren't that many children's books about it Truce works as well as it does because it not only clarifies the confusing details Franz Josef knowing full well that the Serbs weren't behind the assassination of Franz Ferdinand for example but also because he's created a narrative for the war It was dumb as all get out Not a reason in the world to justify it really and the sheer amount of blood spilt is enough to turn your head Truce is history plus interest for the middle grade non fiction reader not yet ready for three hundred page tomesEven the chapter headings are interesting They have great titles like Those Stupid Kings and Emperors and Things Were Beginning to Look Unpleasant which often than not come from direct uotes of the time Murphy also gives a human face to the drama I like to think that he also does a great job of showing how similar the two sides were particularly when it comes to their commanding officers When the truce broke out commanders on both sides were livid The English would avoid similar Christmas truces in the future with continual artillery barrages Corporal Adolf Hitler said of it Such a thing should never happen in wartime Have you no German sense of honor left at all I think that part of the reason Truce stands out amongst its fellows is that it shows both sides continually The photographs are taken by both sides The uotations and memories too And we even see how nasty propaganda demonizing the enemy was used by opposing countries prior to the war to get the populace involvedThe natural fictional pairing with this book is Michael Foreman's War Game Village Green to No Man's Land A less immediate association but no less apt is Scott Westerfeld's Leviathan Though ostensibly a kind of Steampunk novel Westerfeld's book would be a great read after Truce once kids understand the characters and want to hear about them in a fictional setting Plus now that they have the rudimentary causes of the war under their belts they'll be able to better understand historical fiction novels about that time periodThe fact of the matter is it was a stupid war that killed a lot of people Murphy even goes so far as to show how it helped sow the seeds that led to WWII That makes it all the crazier that it was started by just a few guys and could have been cut off if personalities had been different or if they'd listened to their enlisted men and stopped it after that first Christmas Truce when you get right down to it is a sad story One of the most touching moments in the book is when you read the words of a British private who greeted a German in No Man's Land The first man I came to was an old man and when we shook hands I thought he was not going to let my hand go The tears came rolling down his cheeks and I felt sorry for him as he was so old and wanted to go home He could have As Major Murdoch McKenzie Wood would later say it was only the fact that we were being controlled by others that made it necessary for us to start trying to shoot one another again A great introduction to WWI and undeniably the best book for kids on the subject I've ever seen And it'll break your heart in the bargainAges 8 12